The PhD study programme in the Department of Peace, security and Social Studies is designed with the knowledge that scientific research is of paramount importance for continuous development of society in different spheres- social, economic and political. Therefore, the education and training of PhD candidates is for scientific advancement and excellence while improving the welfare of humanity, through social research, critical analysis and contributions to future solutions to societal problems. Sociology is a science that directly links the observer to the subject of observation. Hence it is a very important means of interpreting contemporary social life in an objective and critical manner. The discipline of sociology covers a wide range of topics: rural sociology, urban sociology, sociology of the family, social gerontology, social change and development, social policy and administration, environmental sociology among others. Generally sociology deals with society as a whole and the changes and challenges therein. It follows therefore, that there is need for better educated and trained sociologists. A PhD programme in sociology is geared towards developing a highly knowledgeable and skilled professional in understanding sociological principles that will enable him/her to apply in solving societal problems and improve peoples‘ welfare. The PhD programme is research based.